An experiment that gave away transit and bikesharing passes to 1,000 employees in four neighborhood Main Street districts across the City of Boston boosted ridership and relieved workers' financial stress, according to a study released earlier this week from the Boston Transportation Department (BTD).
In May and June, the BTD, using a grant from the Bloomberg Philanthropies Climate Challenge, gave away $60 MBTA passes to 1,000 workers in five Main Street districts across Boston: the Centre Street corridor between Hyde and Jackson Squares in Jamaica Plain, Mission Hill, Nubian Square, along Meridian Street in East Boston, and Fields Corner.
Some workers were randomly selected to get an MBTA pass with the full $60 credit loaded, and the remainder received a smaller $5 pass, which was followed up with a second $55 pass. Participants were also offered a Bluebikes membership with unlimited rides during the two-month experiment.
The group that initially received the smaller $5 pass was intended to be a "control" group to compare how transit subsidies affect worker travel habits. And that effect turned out to be pretty large: in an analysis of the results, the workers with $60 passes rode transit an average of 8.3 times during the first four weeks of the program, while workers with the $5 pass took only 2 transit trips in the same period.
Fewer participants took advantage of the program's free Bluebikes memberships, but those who did, the effect of the free passes was largest for workers who didn't have access to a car: car-free participants took, on average, 8.9 trips on Bluebikes, versus just 2.4 trips for participants who had access to a motor vehicle.
In follow-up interviews, one anonymous participant told the researchers that they were initially skeptical of Bluebikes, and were "really hesitant."
"I thought it was expensive. I didn’t want to do it, and I wasn’t sure about the stations or how far I could get. But after the membership, I totally enjoyed it. I use it for most of my rides.”
"The success of this pilot program shows that expanding access to transit can accelerate our economic recovery and connect our communities,” said Mayor Michelle Wu in a press release announcing the experiment's results. “This program has removed barriers across our neighborhoods, increased ridership during the pandemic, and eased congestion on our roads for transit riders and drivers across the city."