The Grand Junction today is a little-used freight rail line, but with its wide right-of-way, planners are eyeing it for its potential to create a key rail-with-trail link across Cambridge, connecting the BU Bridge to the west to Somerville's extended Community Path (currently under construction as part of the MBTA's Green Line Extension project) to the northeast.
The trail plans for the corridor are closest to implementation. One short segment, between Main Street and Broadway (pictured above), was built in 2016 as part of Cambridge's Grand Junction Park project.
The city plans to start construction on a short northward extension of that segment to Binney Street later this year, as part of the Binney Street Park project, and has committed funds for a future extension northward to the Somerville city line.
MIT, which owns the portion of the corridor that runs through its campus, has committed funds for design and construction for another half-mile extension south of Main Street to Pacific Street:
The final segment, from Pacific Street to Memorial Drive, has not yet secured funding but is controlled by MassDOT, which is supportive of the rail-with-trail concept. Linking the trail to and across Memorial Drive, and ultimately across the BU Bridge to the Paul Dudley White pathway in Boston, will require additional coordination with the state Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR).
Transit plans for the corridor remain very conceptual at this point, but the trail segments are being designed in a way that preserves plenty of room for expanded rail service.
Because the middle of the Grand Junction corridor runs straight through the heart of booming Kendall Square and could eventually link the Worcester Line to North Station, the City of Cambridge, MBTA officials and Kendall Square businesses are keen to preserve and upgrade the rail line in the near future – potentially with a new commuter rail station serving Kendall Square.
A Kendall Square Mobility Task Force report in 2017 focused on the rail line's short-term utility as a new bike and pedestrian connection, but also noted that "a passenger transit link between North Station and a future West Station in Allston would increase accessibility to Kendall, support economic development, and relieve pressure on the core of the MBTA system."