It’s Worcester Week on StreetsblogMASS

Worcester City Hall, an imposing Italianate building with a tall clock tower, and Worcester's Main Street on a gray December day.
Worcester City Hall and the newly rebuilt Main Street, pictured in December 2020.

We’re focusing our coverage this week on Worcester, New England’s second-biggest city.

After decades of destructive urban renewal schemes, Worcester can be a challenging place to get around for people who don’t own a car. Compared to the rest of Massachusetts, Worcester has higher-than-average rates of injury-causing crashes, and lower rates of transit ridership.

Which is ironic, because historically, Worcester owes its existence to railroads: its population more than quadrupled in the 20-year period between 1830 and 1850, when new railway links to Boston and Providence turned the city into a manufacturing and transportation hub.

Worcester continued to grow, and reached its peak population in the 1950 Census with just over 200,000 residents. Then, as in innumerable other cities, civic leaders began demolishing their own city in order to build new highways through densely-populated neighborhoods.

Construction of the Worcester Expressway – now known as Interstate 290 – began in the 1950s and demolished hundreds of industrial buildings and triple-decker homes in in the densely populated Shrewsbury Street and Green Island neighborhoods south and east of downtown Worcester.

As we detail in the story below, those 20th-century highways continue to divide Worcester to this day, with wide roads that promote reckless driving and suppress foot traffic.

A Walk Audit of Worcester

But Worcester’s origins as a walkable, transit-oriented city haven’t been completely destroyed. Its 19th-century industrial boom helped finance dozens of large institutions, – including nine colleges and universities and two major hospitals – that have helped keep the city’s center vibrant in spite of the highway builders’ destruction.

And it remains an important hub for freight railroads, with a major CSX railyard east of downtown that helps deliver goods all over New England. Some defunct rail lines in the region are being examined as potential routes in the proposed cross-state Massachusetts Central Rail Trail:

New Plan Plots a Course for Cross-State Trail Through Central Massachusetts

In small, significant steps, Worcester is beginning to remake its streets and transit systems to embrace a more walkable, transit-oriented future.

Late last year, the city finished a “complete streets” project that transformed Main Street from a multi-lane speedway for cars into a calmer, slower street with bike lanes, improved crosswalks, and widened sidewalks.

Main Street in downtown Worcester in December 2020.
Main Street in downtown Worcester in December 2020.

In spite of the pandemic, the city’s changes to Main Street – designed to prioritize foot traffic over car traffic – are already attracting investors who are fixing up long-vacant buildings.

Meanwhile, just south of downtown, in the Green Island neighborhood, the city hopes that Polar Park, a new baseball stadium for the Worcester Red Sox, can anchor a new tourism district of hotels and small businesses in a former industrial zone that’s only a 15 minute walk from Worcester’s Union Station.

Eyes On the Street: I Survived Worcester’s New Kelley Square

Finally, the city’s also become a leader in fare-free transit activism: elected officials, the Chamber of Commerce, and bus riders are all working together to try and make the Worcester Regional Transit Authority (WRTA) the Commonwealth’s first fully fare-free bus system.

The WRTA’s Fare-Free Bus Experiment Was Popular, But Won’t Last Without Funding

We hope that our coverage this week will attract more regular Streetsblog readers from central Massachusetts, and add to the region’s momentum for better transit services and safer streets, both in the city of Worcester and in its suburbs. Thanks for reading!


A crowd of people in bikes pedals through a wide brick plaza. In the center, wearing a black helmet and blue hoodie, is Boston Mayor Michelle Wu.

PHOTOS: Boston’s 2023 Bike To Work Day

Between 7:30 and 8:45 a.m., convoys of riders coming in from Mattapan, Dorchester, Brookline, Cambridge, Malden, Chelsea, and other cities across the region arrived in City Hall Plaza in waves, while City of Boston Transportation Department staff welcomed them with cowbells and cheers.
Bar chart illustrating monthly bus driver active headcounts and vacancies since January. The number of vacancies increased slightly in the months Jan. to March but decreased slightly in May.

MBTA News Briefs: Finally Some Better News on Bus Driver Hiring

The MBTA’s three board committees met on Thursday morning with three newly-appointed members to discuss its new 5-year capital plan, hiring updates, and meet the MassDOT’s newly-hired Chief Safety Officer. Incentives for new bus drivers get traction For the past several months, the board’s Workforce Committee has been getting regular updates on hiring efforts, with […]
The gold-plated dome of the Massachusetts State House against a blue sky, with the Massachusetts flag flying to the right of the dome in the foreground.

State House Transportation Committee Discusses Bills Regarding East-West Rail, T Oversight

The legislature’s Joint Committee on Transportation hosted a hybrid in-person and virtual public hearing on Monday afternoon to discuss several bills related to transit expansion projects, East-West rail, and MBTA oversight. You can find hearing details – including information about  how to attend in person or submit testimony virtually – at the Massachusetts Legislature’s website. […]