It’s Worcester Week on StreetsblogMASS

Worcester City Hall and the newly rebuilt Main Street, pictured in December 2020.
Worcester City Hall and the newly rebuilt Main Street, pictured in December 2020.

We’re focusing our coverage this week on Worcester, New England’s second-biggest city.

After decades of destructive urban renewal schemes, Worcester can be a challenging place to get around for people who don’t own a car. Compared to the rest of Massachusetts, Worcester has higher-than-average rates of injury-causing crashes, and lower rates of transit ridership.

Which is ironic, because historically, Worcester owes its existence to railroads: its population more than quadrupled in the 20-year period between 1830 and 1850, when new railway links to Boston and Providence turned the city into a manufacturing and transportation hub.

Worcester continued to grow, and reached its peak population in the 1950 Census with just over 200,000 residents. Then, as in innumerable other cities, civic leaders began demolishing their own city in order to build new highways through densely-populated neighborhoods.

Construction of the Worcester Expressway – now known as Interstate 290 – began in the 1950s and demolished hundreds of industrial buildings and triple-decker homes in in the densely populated Shrewsbury Street and Green Island neighborhoods south and east of downtown Worcester.

As we detail in the story below, those 20th-century highways continue to divide Worcester to this day, with wide roads that promote reckless driving and suppress foot traffic.

A Walk Audit of Worcester

But Worcester’s origins as a walkable, transit-oriented city haven’t been completely destroyed. Its 19th-century industrial boom helped finance dozens of large institutions, – including nine colleges and universities and two major hospitals – that have helped keep the city’s center vibrant in spite of the highway builders’ destruction.

And it remains an important hub for freight railroads, with a major CSX railyard east of downtown that helps deliver goods all over New England. Some defunct rail lines in the region are being examined as potential routes in the proposed cross-state Massachusetts Central Rail Trail:

New Plan Plots a Course for Cross-State Trail Through Central Massachusetts

In small, significant steps, Worcester is beginning to remake its streets and transit systems to embrace a more walkable, transit-oriented future.

Late last year, the city finished a “complete streets” project that transformed Main Street from a multi-lane speedway for cars into a calmer, slower street with bike lanes, improved crosswalks, and widened sidewalks.

Main Street in downtown Worcester in December 2020.
Main Street in downtown Worcester in December 2020.

In spite of the pandemic, the city’s changes to Main Street – designed to prioritize foot traffic over car traffic – are already attracting investors who are fixing up long-vacant buildings.

Meanwhile, just south of downtown, in the Green Island neighborhood, the city hopes that Polar Park, a new baseball stadium for the Worcester Red Sox, can anchor a new tourism district of hotels and small businesses in a former industrial zone that’s only a 15 minute walk from Worcester’s Union Station.

Eyes On the Street: I Survived Worcester’s New Kelley Square

Finally, the city’s also become a leader in fare-free transit activism: elected officials, the Chamber of Commerce, and bus riders are all working together to try and make the Worcester Regional Transit Authority (WRTA) the Commonwealth’s first fully fare-free bus system.

The WRTA’s Fare-Free Bus Experiment Was Popular, But Won’t Last Without Funding

We hope that our coverage this week will attract more regular Streetsblog readers from central Massachusetts, and add to the region’s momentum for better transit services and safer streets, both in the city of Worcester and in its suburbs. Thanks for reading!


Extensiones de bordillo/banqueta con vegetación en ambos lados del cruce peatonal localizados en la intersección de Somerville Avenue y Merriam Street a lo largo del camino de bici en la Ciudad de Somerville. Extensiones de bordillo/banquetas hacen la calle más angosta y ayudan a reducir la distancia que la gente tiene que cruzar.

Nuevas Normas de Diseño Para Calles Mas Seguras y Verdes

El mes pasado, funcionarios municipales y estatales se juntaron para anunciar las primeros normas de infraestructura verde en Boston, con el fin de aumentar la resiliencia de la ciudad contra el cambio climático por medio de pequeñas instalaciones en las calles. Read the article in English.  En una junta de prensa en Central Square Park […]
A photo illustration of a proposed new shared-use path. A wide, paved path runs through the middle of the image and is lined on both sides by trees and shade. To the left is a wooden guardrail and a two-lane roadway.

DCR Proposes New Trail Connection from Hyde Park to Blue Hills

Monday evening, the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) presented conceptual design plans to connect the Neponset River Greenway to the Blue Hills via new and upgraded multi-use paths.  Spanning 8.2 miles, the Neponset River Greenway begins in the Boston neighborhood of Dorchester and runs along the Neponset River through the neighborhoods of Hyde Park, […]